Fractional laser facial skin rejuvenation
It is no secret that one of the most innovative and effective procedures in cosmetology is hardware. In particular, laser ones. In this article we will tell you about the Fraxel laser procedure - fractional rejuvenation: what is it, how it is carried out, what skin imperfections can be eliminated, whether it has contraindications.
Fractional rejuvenation: what is it
If everything is clear with the word "laser" in the name of the procedure (as we wrote above, a laser is used to carry it out), then "fractional" may raise questions. In fact, this means that the laser beam is split (fractionated) into many smaller beams - thinner than a human hair. After separation, the microbeams are "collected" into a grid. What does it do? First, the light generated by the laser is quite powerful. So much that it could burn you. But broken into many small rays, it becomes safe. Secondly, the area of "coverage" of the skin is significantly increased in comparison with the "unbroken" single beam.
The word "rejuvenation" in the name of the procedure speaks for itself: the sessions allow you to eliminate the signs of skin aging. But the possibilities of the procedure are not limited to this. A more complete list of indications for laser rejuvenation:
- Elimination of wrinkles, creases, folds.
- Facial contour correction.
- Elimination of age spots.
- Alignment of skin relief.
- Narrowing of enlarged pores.
- Increased skin turgor.
- Reducing the severity of scars.
What lies at the heart of laser rejuvenation
The essence of this procedure is the effect of laser beams on the skin. In those points, which are affected by the laser, the so-called microthermal treatment zones are formed. In simple terms, these are very small, controlled burns. In response to their appearance, the body activates a number of processes in the tissues, including:
- Regeneration. The process restores cells destroyed by the laser. Thus, the fabrics, in simple terms, are updated.
- Neocollagenesis. This is the name of the process of producing new collagen. In skin tissues, this protein is responsible for strength and elasticity. Therefore, after the procedure, the skin becomes more elastic, wrinkles are smoothed out.
Fraxel is carried out by a laser of the same name, which has a wavelength of 1550 nanometers. Rays with such parameters are absorbed only by the middle layer of the skin - the dermis. The upper layer (epidermis) is not affected: the rays pass through it without damaging it. This allows the recovery period after Fraxel sessions to be one of the shortest among similar laser procedures: about 2-3 days. But there is another side of the coin: the skin has a more gentle effect, so the first result after the first session will be noticeable for about two to three weeks. The duration of one session is approximately 25-85 minutes: this parameter will depend on the size of the zone to be treated. To obtain a stable pronounced result, you will need to carry out the entire course of fractional laser skin rejuvenation. Its duration is determined by the laser therapist after examination and questioning. In most cases, one full course includes three to five sessions.
Laser rejuvenation procedure
Fractional laser rejuvenation of facial skin is not suitable for everyone: like almost all procedures in cosmetology, it has a number of limitations. First of all, these include diseases: oncological, viral, infectious, fungal, as well as exacerbation of the skin. Also, this procedure is contraindicated in pregnant and lactating women, people with a skin predisposition to scarring, impaired tissue healing function, as well as people with tattoos or implants in the treatment area. In addition, the procedure is also prohibited with a recent tanning or chemical peeling. While taking retinoids, as well as drugs that affect coagulation. You can find out in more detail about all contraindications from a laser therapist. And he will also need to be told about chronic diseases and allergies.
It is best to ask about contraindications during a consultation. Moreover, many clinics recommend consulting a specialist before the session. During the consultation, you will not only learn about the course of the procedure, but will also be able to ask questions to a specialist. In addition, the doctor will be able to select the settings of the device for the procedure, and also determine how many sessions will need to be performed.
The procedure itself takes place practically without discomfort, since a modern anesthetic is used for its implementation. And to protect the organs of vision, the doctor and the patient put on special glasses before the session (they will be given to you by the doctor). At the end of the session, the doctor will appoint a date for the next one, and also tell you about the period after the procedure.
Fractional rejuvenation: after the procedure
The main recommendations after the procedure are reduced to a ban on tanning (one month), cosmetics (several days), washing with running water (day). In addition, additional individual recommendations can be given.
The most common skin reactions to the procedure are swelling and redness. Sometimes they can be accompanied by peeling.